The center of gravity and the midpont differ in the definition, in the calculation and in the calculation results:
Currently, there are four centroids in Germany. As part of this work, another centroid was calculated. By dividing Germany based on 68,000 border coordinates into 78,000 squares with a side length of 2.13 km and then calculating the arithmetic mean of the centroids of these squares, the gravity point of Germany was determined to be 500 meters east of Bischofroda and north of Berka.
In the underlying work, it was confirmed that all gravity point calculations for triangles and other undefined areas were error-free. Therefore, it is assumed that, as with the midpoint, the most accurate gravity point of Germany to date has been calculated on the 2D plane without the sea. The calculations of the existing centroids are explained in more detail below. There is scant information available on the internet about previous centroid calculations. A more detailed insight was only made possible through the website www.mittelpunkt-deutschlands.de (as of 2021):
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